Titus, Chapter 1
© Copyright 1998 Darroll Evans-all rights reserved
1 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God's elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness;
2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;
3 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour;
As we open chapter 1, Paul declares himself to be a bondservant of God. Both you and your Pastor should feel the same. You may be thinking that your Pastor is called and ordained, and you are not. Oh yes you are!
The same Holy Spirit called each of us. You and I are ordained to the Ministry of Reconciliation just as every other Christian is (2 Corinthians 5:18).
Your Pastor was ordained to teach you how to do the work of the ministry, not to do it for you (Ephesians 4:11-12). Your Pastor is the Pastor and YOU are the minister.
The object of our faith sets Christians apart
from all others. Our national origin may be from
We do not have faith in just faith in anything. The object of our faith is Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah, the Christ, The Savior, and our Lord!
Our desire for a close relationship with Jesus is based in hope. It is not hope as men have intellectual hope for things. Our hope is in the risen Christ.
Our hope is not the result of greed or lust for power or position. The godly hope within us results in true LIFE!
Paul declares that God has "in due times" manifested his word through preaching. Men are saved through the foolishness of preaching (1 Corinthians 1:21). Christians are the voice of God on earth.
The word of God is not manifested in those who live lives in opposition to God's word. To the "lost" of this age, our message of hope is foolishness (1 Corinthians 1:18).
Titus 1:4 To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.
This letter is addressed to Titus. As with 1st & 2nd Timothy, Philemon, Luke, and Acts, Titus is a personal letter. Although we treat it as if it was a general or open letter, it is quite personal.
One fact about Titus that is curious to me is that Paul asserts his Apostleship. He does the same in his letter to Philemon and both letters to Timothy.
In Philemon this assertion was logical. Paul was trying to save Onesimus' life and restore his good standing with Philemon.
Why would Paul tell his close associates (Timothy & Titus) that he is an Apostle?
There seems to be no clue as to why he would make such an opening statement to a friend, unless it was Paul's way of establishing them in the eyes of the local congregation.
Titus is declared to be Paul's "own son" in the faith. Paul also felt that way about Timothy.
Verse 4 contains Paul's a standard greeting. Paul told Titus, "Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Savior." That is not a throwaway greeting.
Paul's usual blessing is "grace and peace." In the letters to Titus and Timothy "mercy" is added. That also separates them from the other letters.
The English word "grace" appears only 4 times in the gospels. In the four Gospels it is never used in a sentence spoken by Jesus Himself.
The English word "Grace" is used once in Luke. It is used three times in John. Each time it is used to describe Jesus.
In the Greek, the word that is most often translated "grace," is used 8 times in Luke and 4 times is the Gospel of John. The Greek word is not found in Matthew or Mark.
The only time the KJV translators use the English word "grace," as spoken by Jesus, is found in 2 Corinthians 12:9. Christ said, "My 'grace' is sufficient for thee."
We contrast the limited use in the Gospels with Paul's writing. Paul used "grace" approximately 100 times.
Grace and peace work in tandem. One is not present without the other.
The Greek word translated "peace" would have been better translated "serenity." God's peace is a peace that goes far beyond our ability to conjure up ourselves.
God's peace is not a mere absence of open conflict. It is a courteous and refreshing relationship between God and men.
The peace we have is "from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ." That is His gift to us.
The Greek word translated "Mercy" appears in the Textus Receptus and the Majority Greek Text. However, apparently does not appear in other Greek texts. The NKJV, NAS, NIV, CLV, TEV, and NRSV do not use the word "mercy."
Mercy signifies compassion, or kindness. In calling us to Christ's side, God has shown us great mercy.
There is no law that says God must save us. It is through His loving kindness that He shows compassion.
Grace and peace worth together, but neither works without God's mercy. In His mercy God grants us grace and peace.
Titus 1:5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:
Because Paul felt so strongly concerning
Titus' love for Christ and his ability to convey that love that Paul left Titus
Titus would be God's Ambassador on
6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.
7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;
8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;
9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.
Here, Paul begins to set forth rules to be used in choosing Church leaders. Those chosen and appointed to leadership must be decent, above reproach, and the husband of one wife.
It is not evident whether the Church leaders should be the husband of one and only one wife, or one wife at the time of ordination. That has caused controversy.
This verse has also been used to deny women leadership roles. Although they may not be in public leadership roles in some Churches, in is quite apparent to the casual observer that women, not men, are the backbone of almost every Church.
Very few (if any) Churches have a majority membership that is male. My personal opinion is that, I would rather spend 5 minutes under the teaching of an anointed female that to spend 5 years under teaching a self-appointed male.
Those chosen must have children who believe. Notice that it does not say that the children must belong to the same denomination as the parent.
There is a reason why denominational affiliation is not mentioned. In Paul's day, there was only one denomination and there was no Pope.
The person chosen for leadership must not have been accused of spiritual or social disobedience. It is important that those set in leadership positions are team players. That does not mean that they are to be parrots of the status quo.
Bishops, Pastors, or whatever title you happen to use in reference to the chief leader of the local Church must be above reproach because that leader is God's steward. In general, a Church leader is not to be arrogant, cantankerous, or a practicing drunk.
Church leaders are not to be physically violent. I ust point out that spouse abusers should NEVER be ordained, and if they are later found to be so, they should be immediately dismissed from leadership.
They are also not to be greedy. The sign in front of the Church should never be a dollar sign.
Church leaders must be neighborly and sociable. They must love what is good in God's sight, and be virtuously self-controlled.
This may seem to be a given, but unfortunately it is not, Church leaders must cling to and support the Word of God so that he may be able encourage, console, and strengthen others with sound doctrine and also to oppose those who deny the truth of the gospel.
10 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision:
11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.
We know that there are many defiant people who, for one reason or another, find their way into Church. There are also those that are given to idle talk and pretenders.
In Paul's day the defiant ones seemed to be found among the Jews. In our day they are everywhere.
As far as the Church family is concerned, those who cause divisions must be muzzled. If left to carry on with their polluted agenda, they tear families apart.
I have seen what one person operating on his own agenda can do to drag down Church members. Usually these people teach something close the gospel, but it is always perverted.
Many defiant ones are trying to build their personal prestige and kingdom. It is the calling from their god (lower case g).
12 One of themselves, even a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians are alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.
13a This witness is true.
Paul reminded Titus that one of the local
Crete religious prophets said that the inhabitants of
It just doesn't sound as if it came from Paul,
but here it is.
Let me explain it.
Certain folks are just plain not given to
productive labor. Prior to the formation of modern
The Moslem Arabs did not use the land to
produce anything of value. As we see the Palestinian Moslems take over parts of
the West Bank area, we will not see the desert bloom there as we have in
The Palestinians will not cultivate and produce on the land. How can I say that?
Look around at the other Arab Moslem nations. They are gleaners of fields that others plant.
Modern Palestinian Moslems are not farmers. All they have taught their children is how to throw stones at Israeli soldiers while wearing masks when TV cameras show up.
The only hope is that the Palestinian Christians will become farmers. That is not racism or prejudice. It is just the way things are.
13b Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith;
14 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth.
Titus was advised to admonish them sharply for their own good. That would be done so that they may become sound in the faith, and teachings of Christ Jesus.
Titus was, as best he could, to halt their
preoccupation with Jewish myths. That may sound odd, but pagan
Orthodox Jews within Christianity at that time taught Jewish fables and Mosaic commandments of men as if they were the true light from God. That turned many away from the truth of God's grace.
15 Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.
16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.
Here is a difficult thing to grasp, "To those that are pure before God, all things are pure. That must be tempered with wisdom.
1 Corinthians 6:12 tells us that All things are lawful, or allowable for Christians, but all things are not worthwhile. Therefore, we do not do all things.
We do not engage in all activities. Freeways are wonderful, but playing on the freeway can kill you.
Looking at the reverse side, to those who have been defiled by sin and are still living in unbelief, nothing they can do is pure. When you get mud on your hands anything you touch becomes muddy.
All too many in our day are living with defiled minds. They lay claim to the knowledge of God, but their conduct declares with intense volume that they have not relationship with Him.
There are some that are spiritually abhorrent children of disobedience, and completely unworthy of doing any good deed. All are NOT children of God.
Paul is not trying to paint a pretty picture. He is saying what he sees in the society of his day. Things have not changed.
Man did not stub his toe. He did not stumble. Man fell into a total depravity from which there is only one way out, Jesus Christ. He is the way, the truth, and the life.