Philippians, Chapter 4
© copyright 1997 Darroll Evans, all rights reserved

Philippians 4:1 Therefore, my brethren dearly beloved and longed for, my joy and crown, so stand fast in the Lord, my dearly beloved.

Paul "longed for" the Philippians.

How do you feel toward other Christians?

Do you have great affection toward other Christians? 

John 13:35---“By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.”

Philippians 4:2 I beseech Euodias, and beseech Syntyche, that they be of the same mind in the Lord.

These two women, Euodias and Syntyche, are somewhat misunderstood. It is true that they had a spat or disagreement, but the space spent dealing with their situation is very limited.

As we will see, these two were very dedicated workers for the gospel.

Their disagreement was not on the order of Paul and Barnabas who split up their evangelistic team due to their disagreement over Mark. 

Their inclusion in this letter was to ask that they come into agreement.

Philippians 4:3 And I intreat thee also, true yokefellow, help those women which laboured with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and with other my fellowlabourers, whose names are in the book of life.

In the midst of this letter to the Philippians, we find a personal note to another Christian. It is my belief that the note was written to Epaphroditus. 

Yokefellow (Gr. suzuge-suzuge) is a Greek masculine singular meaning an associate. Neither of the women qualified for that word. 

Both Euodias and Syntyche had worked with the leaders of Christianity, namely Paul and Clement.

Their names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.

Philippians 4:4 Rejoice in the Lord alway: and again I say, Rejoice.

This simple request may not be what it appears to be in English. 

First and foremost, this is not a request.

It is and order! 

The Greek word is a plural imperative.

Paul is telling us, "You all must rejoice, and in case you did not get it, let me repeat myself!" 

A Church member who does not live in an attitude of praise and rejoicing has no understanding of Christianity. 

Philippians 4:5 Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand.

We are to let our "moderation", gentleness and patience known to all people.

The reason for that request is that the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ is near. 

Christians are not called upon to be gentle and patient in all circumstances. 

Romans 12:18---“If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.” 

With some, it is not possible. 

We cannot live in peace with those that continually sin. 

On four occasions, Jesus told those he was addressing that they were a “generation of vipers.” 

I don’t think he said it to make friends.

Philippians 4:6 Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.

"Be careful for nothing" simply means don’t be anxious.

Anxiety is not God’s work in you. 

2 Timothy 1:7--- “For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.”

Philippians 4:7 And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.

This verse speaks of the peace of the Father. 

His Son is now our peace. 

Most of humanity cannot understand God’s peace, because they do not acknowledge God’s Son!

And, some that say they do really don’t!  

God’s peace is based entirely on acknowledgment of Christ Jesus as Lord.

Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.

Finally, the final "finally!"

Do you know that it is mentally impossible to focus on two things at the same time? 

If your mind is always focused on disaster---it is impossible to focus on victory.

Where is your focus? 

Philippians 4:9 Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you.

Look at this verse.

The thought is not new. 

John 5:19---“Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise.”

The Son sees the Father and does what He sees.

He imitates the Father. 

Paul saw, in the Spirit, what Christ did and he did it.

Our physical example of grace in action is found in Paul’s life. 

Christianity is a "working" relationship!

As we do the works God has set before us, "the God of peace shall be with" us.

In this verse, "shall be" is emphatic in both English and Greek!

Philippians 4:10 But I rejoiced in the Lord greatly, that now at the last your care of me hath flourished again; wherein ye were also careful, but ye lacked opportunity.

Paul returns to his gratitude for the gifts of the Philippians.

They gave offerings when they had the offerings to give.

Paul made no attempt to pressure them or coerce them. 

Let me take a short side trip.

Do you realize that evangelism is not salesmanship? 

There is no way you can cajole another person into the kingdom of God!

Oh, you can get them into a Church, but not the Kingdom.

That is the exclusive territory of the Holy Spirit!

He is the one that convinces and convicts.

We just say a few words. 

Philippians 4:11 Not that I speak in respect of want: for I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content.

Paul was content with what he had---regardless of how much or how little it was. 

Have you learned that lesson? 

Philippians 4:12 I know both how to be abased, and I know how to abound: every where and in all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need.

Paul was intimate with wealth and poverty.

Motive mattered little to Paul, as long as the gospel was being preached.

Philippians 4:13 I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me.

Paul did not say that by his efforts, he could do all things.

He said that "through Christ" working within him he could do all things.  

How can that be?

Philippians 2:13---“For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.”   Jesus said, "With God all things are possible" (Matthew 19:26b).

Philippians 4:14 Notwithstanding ye have well done, that ye did communicate with my affliction.

“Communicate” indicates sharing.

The Philippians helped him.

Philippians 4:15 Now ye Philippians know also, that in the beginning of the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, no church communicated with me as concerning giving and receiving, but ye only.

No Church supported the gospel of grace in the same manner as the Philippian Church.  

Today, we own much to their support of Paul and his roving band of evangelists.

No other Apostle did so much to bring the gospel of grace to the world, as did Paul.

The Apostles were appointed to various duties.

The Jews had many Apostles.

The Gentiles had one. 

Philippians 4:16 For even in Thessalonica ye sent once and again unto my necessity.

It is evident that the Philippians supported Paul on many occasions. 

Philippians 4:17 Not because I desire a gift: but I desire fruit that may abound to your account.

Supporting ministry is part of Christianity.

Giving is listed among the various gifts of the Spirit.

Romans 12:8---Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.”

Philippians 4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things which were sent from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God.

In the midst of Paul’s thanks to the Philippians, we Again meet Epaphroditus.

A strong work ethic is valuable among those who serve the cause of Christ.  

Philippians 4:19 But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.

God shall supply our needs, our necessities according to His riches---not ours.

We are living in Christ’s great victory. 

"Shall supply" is a Greek future indicative. Greek future indicatives indicate what the author feels shall come to pass.

The Author is the Holy Spirit. The writer/scribe is Paul.

FYI—in comparing the KJV with the NKJV, whenever the KJV uses "shall", but the NKJV uses "will", odds are the tense is indicative.

Philippians 4:20-23
20 Now unto God and our Father be glory for ever and ever. Amen.
21 Salute every saint in Christ Jesus. The brethren which are with me greet you.
22 All the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of Caesar's household.
23 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

Re: Verse 20 “For ever” does not refer to eternity.

"For ever and ever" (Gr. eis tous aioonas toon aioonoon-eiV tous aiwnaV twn aiwnwn) should be translated "for/to/into the ages of the ages."

It is not translated correctly due to tradition, and fear of the truth.

If the incorrect "eternity" translation is used for aion, this passage and others would be translated "for the eternities of the eternities."

That would highlight the misconceptions that infect most translations.

To my knowledge, the Concordant Literal and J. P. Green’s Interlinear are the only translations that follow the Greek text.

The Concordant uses "eon" instead of "age," and that translation is accurate.

In most popular translations, aion and its variations are almost always mistranslated.

Paul’s benedictions are beautiful!

This benediction indicates that Christianity had grown to include those who were among Nero’s servants.

"The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen."

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