1 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury.
2 And he saw also a certain poor widow casting in thither two mites.
3 And he said, Of a truth I say unto you, that this poor widow hath cast in more than they all:
4 For all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings of God: but she of her penury hath cast in all the living that she had.
Keep in mind that the things in this chapter took place at the temple in Jerusalem!
Following the confrontations with Jewish leaders, Jesus saw people coming into and going from the Temple. Some wealthy men cast their gifts into the treasury baskets at the door of the Temple. Those were offerings not tithes!
As Jesus watched, a certain poor widow cast in two mites. That is not a great deal of money except to the poor!
Jesus told the others, “Truthfully, this poor widow has given more than all the wealthy men!
Because, all of them gave offerings to God based on their wealth! However, she gave based on her penury (Gr. hysterēma-ὑστέρημα/lack)! She has given all she had!”
Unfortunately that teaching has been used by the unscrupulous to squeeze more money out of listeners!
What is missed in most teaching concerning this issue is that the woman did not qualify to be a tithe payer. The amount given by both the wealthy and the poor in this parable were offerings and not mandatory tithes.
During that period, only land owners and herd owners tithed, and then they paid it only once a year! Fishermen paid no tithes! The tithes were food that could be stored! The people in this parable gave money, a free will offering!
5 And as some spake of the temple, how it was adorned with goodly stones and gifts, he said,
6 As for these things which ye behold, the days will come, in the which there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.
7 And they asked him, saying, Master, but when shall these things be? and what sign will there be when these things shall come to pass?
8 And he said, Take heed that ye be not deceived: for many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and the time draweth near: go ye not therefore after them.
9 But when ye shall hear of wars and commotions, be not terrified: for these things must first come to pass; but the end is not by and by.
10 Then said he unto them, Nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom:
11 And great earthquakes shall be in divers places, and famines, and pestilences; and fearful sights and great signs shall there be from heaven.
12 But before all these, they shall lay their hands on you, and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues, and into prisons, being brought before kings and rulers for my name's sake.
13 And it shall turn to you for a testimony.
14 Settle it therefore in your hearts, not to meditate before what ye shall answer:
15 For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.
16 And ye shall be betrayed both by parents, and brethren, and kinsfolks, and friends; and some of you shall they cause to be put to death.
17 And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake.
18 But there shall not an hair of your head perish.
19 In your patience possess ye your souls.
20 And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.
21 Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto.
22 For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.
23 But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days! for there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people.
24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.
25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring;
26 Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.
27 And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.
28 And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.
This section is Luke’s version of the story as also seen in Matthew 24 and Mark 13! Those plus this one in Luke are perhaps the most studied chapters concerning the “Last Days” prophecies in the entire Bible!
Some with Jesus began to comment on the beauty of the Temple! But, Jesus told them, “As for the things you now see, the days will come when not be one of these stones will remain atop another! They shall all be torn down!”
What Jesus told them was entirely out of the realm of human possibility! They asked, “Master, when shall that happen, and what sign will be given as to when they shall come to happen?
Many falsely teach that Jerusalem was destroyed in 70 A.D. During that conflict, the temple was torn down, but Jews were allowed to remain in the City. Following the Bar Kochba revolt in 135 A.D. the entire city was demolished and rebuilt in Roman style of that day. And, for the next 200 years no Jew was allowed inside Jerusalem under penalty of death! Jews could, once a year at Passover, congregate in on the Mount of Olives to look at the Temple Mount! That part of history has been ignored by almost all Christians and Jews!
As Jesus spoke to those around Him, He warned, “Be careful that you are not deceived! Because, many shall come in My name proclaiming that I am Christ! The time is near, but don’t follow them!”
That warning is not being heeded today! Many get rich saying that Jesus is the Christ and using that to drain the bank accounts of Christians!
Jesus continued to warn his followers, “When you hear of wars and other commotions don’t be terrified! Those things must come to pass first, before the time of the end!”
Then, Christ told them, “One ethnic group (Gr. ethnos-ἔθνος) shall rise against another, and kingdom against another! Great earthquakes shall happen in various places! There shall be famines, pestilences; and fearful sights! In addition, there shall be great signs in the skies!
“However, prior to all, they shall lay their hands on you, and persecute you, taking you before religious authorities and throwing you into prison! You will also be brought before civil authorities for My name's sake!
“That shall be an indication of the times to you!
“Be at peace with all that and do not take time to meditate before responding to their charges! Because, I will give you the correct words and the wisdom, which none of your adversaries shall be able to resist!”
Do you realize that Christ Jesus is utterly and absolutely in control of your life?
Jesus further warned, “You all shall be betrayed by your parents, brothers, relatives, and friends! Some of you shall be put to death! You all shall be hated by heathen for My name's sake! But, not a hair of your head shall perish!”
In Christ Jesus your destiny is secure!
“Due to your God-given endurance (Gr. hypomonē-ὑπομονή) in this matter, you will protect your souls!
“When you all shall see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, know then that the desolation is near! At that time, let those of you in Judaea flee to the mountains! And, let those who find themselves in the middle of that turmoil quickly depart! But, if you are in the nations, don’t return!
“Because those will be the days of vengeance, in order that all things which have been prophesied may be fulfilled!”
Some believe that the “days of vengeance” describes Armageddon! However, I believe it to be either 70 AD at the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, or more likely, 135 AD, following Shimon Bar Kochba’s revolution, when the entire city was torn down!
Jesus continued His warning, “Extreme grief for those who are pregnant, and to those with infant children, because at that time, there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon Jews! They shall violently die, or be led away in captivity into other nations! Jerusalem shall be trodden down by Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled!
“There shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress among nations! There shall also be international confusion! The sea and the waves roaring!
“Fear shall cause men's hearts to fail when they see those things happening! The very powers of skies shall be shaken!
“Then, they shall see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory! And, when these things begin to happen, look up lift your heads, because your redemption draws near!”
All those things shall prior to the return of Christ Jesus! He is our redemption! Muslims believe that the Mahdi will return when the turmoil of the earth become unsurvivable! Muhammad read the Bible and determined that chaos must happen! Unfortunately, he trusted the fake moon god, Allah, instead of the true God, יהוה.
Many falsely assume the יהוה is Allah under a different name! יהוה and Allah have absolutely nothing in common!
The time ahead of us shall be catastrophic! However, while many tell of many deaths, the fact is that all those outside of Christ are now dead in their sins and trespasses! And, those in Christ shall never die!
29 And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree, and all the trees;
30 When they now shoot forth, ye see and know of your own selves that summer is now nigh at hand.
31 So likewise ye, when ye see these things come to pass, know ye that the kingdom of God is nigh at hand.
32 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass away, till all be fulfilled.
33 Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away.
34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares.
35 For as a snare shall it come on all them that dwell on the face of the whole earth.
36 Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.
37 And in the day time he was teaching in the temple; and at night he went out, and abode in the mount that is called the mount of Olives.
38 And all the people came early in the morning to him in the temple, for to hear him.
Again, Christ offered a parable, “Behold the fig tree, and indeed all trees, when they begin to sprout leaves you all know that summer is near at hand! So likewise when you see all I have told you come to pass, you will also know that the kingdom of God is near!
“Truthfully I tell you that this generation shall not pass away, until all is fulfilled!
This verse is used by Preterists to teach that all these prophecies were fulfilled by 70 A.D.
Christ continued, “Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away!
“Be careful that not to allow your hearts to be preoccupied with the pain of drunkenness, and cares of life, and so much so such a day sneaks in on you!
“Because, it shall overtake as a snare to all that dwell on the earth!”
Christians do not “dwell” on the earth! Our citizenship is registered in heaven (Phil 3:20)! We are Christ’s Ambassadors living on earth temporarily until the New heaven and the New Earth are established!
Christ concluded, “Therefore, watch and pray so that you may be considered worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man!”
Each day during this time, Christ taught openly in the Temple! And, at night He walked to the Mount of Olives and rested!
Early each morning those in Jerusalem came to the Temple to hear Him teach!