1 And it came to pass, that on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon him with the elders,
2 And spake unto him, saying, Tell us, by what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority?
3 And he answered and said unto them, I will also ask you one thing; and answer me:
4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men?
5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why then believed ye him not?
6 But and if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us: for they be persuaded that John was a prophet.
7 And they answered, that they could not tell whence it was.
8 And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.
One day as Jesus taught in the Temple and preached the gospel, but still most rejected what He taught! The Jewish leadership, including both the Chief Priests, Scribes, and elders, came to Him and asked, “Who authorized You to teach all that?”
The fact is that among the Jewish leadership, state accepted authority was needed to teach Judaism! Today, we have returned to that same concept! Many ask the question, “Who is your ‘covering’”
The fact is that if any Preacher’s “covering” is just human that Preachers is preaching falsely! But, if the Preacher’s “covering” is the Holy Spirit, he has no need for a Government approved license to preach!
responded by saying, “I will ask you, was the baptism of John from heaven, or from
They discussed the proper answer saying, “If we shall say it was from heaven, He will then ask, ‘Why didn’t you believe him?’
“But and if we say that it was of men, the people will stone us, because they believe that John was a prophet.”
So, they responded to Jesus’ challenge by saying, “We don’t know and cannot tell you!”
At that Jesus said, “Then, neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things!”
The deep thinkers of that day attempted to match wits with Christ only to find that they failed in each and every attempt to discredit the Messiah!
9 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time.
10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty.
11 And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty.
12 And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out.
13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him when they see him.
14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.
15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them?
16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.
17 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?
18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
Then Jesus told the crowd another parable!
“A certain man planted a vineyard, and leasted (Gr. ekdidōmi-ἐκδίδωμι) it to sharecroppers. Then he left and traveled to another country, where he stayed for a long time.
“When the growing season came to an end he sent a servant to the sharecroppers, to collect the fruit of the vineyard. However, the sharecroppers beat that servant, and sent him away empty-handed.
“So, the landowner sent another servant. And, they also beat him, treated him without respect, and sent him away empty-handed.
“And again, he sent a third servant, and they also wounded him, and threw him out.
“Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved Son! They will treat Him with respect when they see him!
“However, when the sharecroppers saw him, they decided among themselves, ‘This is the heir! We will murder him, so that the inheritance may be ours!’
“So, they threw him out of the vineyard, and murdered him!
“What shall the owner of the vineyard do unto them?
“He shall go personally to the vineyard and destroy those sharecroppers, and give the vineyard to others!”
And, when they heard it, inn horror they said, “God forbid!”
In the parable, God was the vineyard owner, Israel represented the sharecroppers! The actions of the sharecroppers reflected the very way Israel treated God’s prophets and would treat His Son, Christ Jesus.
From a human standpoint, Israel murdered Christ! From a spiritual standpoint, Christ offered Himself as a sacrifice for our sins!
Heb 10:10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
Never lose sight of the fact that the Jewish leadership was motivated by fear and hatred, while Christ Jesus was motivated by love!
Then Jesus looked at the Jewish leaders, and said, “Isn’t it written, ‘The stone which the builders rejected has become the head of the corner?
“Whoever falls upon that stone shall be broken, but on whomever that stone falls will be ground into powder!”
Notice that the spiritual sharecroppers, the Jewish leadership, understood that Jesus’ parable was a personal rebuke to them and they reacted according to selfish personal interests!
It is fascinating to me that the evil leaders of Israel had “ears to hear,” but refused Christ’s righteousness while the down-trodden sheep (people) of Israel did not understand!
Jesus came to seek and to save the lost sheep of the house of Israel!
Jesus’ primary goal was to take the gospel to Israel! Paul was appointed to take the Gospel to Gentiles!
Why couldn’t the Priests and other Jewish leaders, with the exception of Joseph of Arimathaea and perhaps Nicodemus believe that Jesus was the Messiah?
The spiritual fact is that at that point in time they had not been called, chosen, and anointed to trust in Christ Jesus! Their personal will had no effect on salvation!
Romans 9:16 So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy. (NKJV)
19 And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.
20 And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor.
21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person of any, but teachest the way of God truly:
22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or no?
23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, Why tempt ye me?
24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? They answered and said, Caesar's.
25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which be Caesar's, and unto God the things which be God's.
26 And they could not take hold of his words before the people: and they marvelled at his answer, and held their peace.
It was then that the chief priests and the scribes sought to arrest and murder Jesus, because they were afraid of average Jews! They knew that Jesus’ parable was a rebuke to them! Their position in life was more important to them than the Life Everlasting that Christ was willing to give them!
They, the Jewish leadership, watched Jesus closely, and even sent spies, who would pretend to be just in order to trap Christ Jesus so that they may arrest Him.
Some of the spies asked Him, “Master, we know that you say and teach correct theology, and do not condone any teaching except God’s truth! However, is lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar?”
Jesus saw through their deceptions, and asked them, “Why do you tempt Me?
“Show Me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it?”
They responded, “Caesar's.”
At that Christ told them, “Give to Caesar the things which are Caesar's, and give to God the things which are God's!”
That teaching has NOTHING to do with tithing! The tithe had to be paid by Jewish owners of farms in the Temple! Gentiles could not pay the tithe!
They could not trap the Son of God! In fact even the spies were amazed at His answer and kept quiet!
27 Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him,
28 Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man's brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
29 There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died without children.
30 And the second took her to wife, and he died childless.
31 And the third took her; and in like manner the seven also: and they left no children, and died.
32 Last of all the woman died also.
33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them is she? for seven had her to wife.
34 And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage:
35 But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage:
36 Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.
37 Now that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.
38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.
Once, while Jesus was teaching, Sadducees came to speak to Him! (As you know Sadducees deny the resurrection!) They asked him, “Master, Moses wrote that “If any man's brother dies having a wife, and he dies without children that his brother should take that man’s wife as his own and have children with her in the name of his brother.
“So, what if there were seven brothers, and the first brother married and died without any children.
“And so, the second brother married her, and he died also childless.
Then the third brother married her; and in like manner each of the seven brothers married her and died without producing children!
“Finally the woman died.
“So, in the resurrection whose wife would she be? After all, each of the seven had taken her as a wife!”
As you read this you must first understand that the Sadducees had asked the question did not believe in a resurrection, so the question was bogus!
But, Jesus knowing their thoughts concerning the resurrection answered them politely, “The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage!
“However, those who shall be accounted worthy of the resurrection neither marry, nor are given in marriage!
“They cannot die anymore, because they are like the angels and are the children of God, being sons of the resurrection!
“Concerning the resurrection, Moses foretold it explicitly when he told us that the Lord God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is not a God of the dead! Instead, His is the God of the living! And to Him all live!”
First, we should understand that last statement!
Romans 11:36 For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory forever. Amen.
The Sadducees did not believe in the resurrection and so they had a vested interest in rejecting Jesus resurrection!
In the resurrection, the gathering of the saints, agape love will fully consume all appointed to life in Christ Jesus!
There shall be no marriage except the marriage of the Lamb!
True Christians are now being formed into the body of Christ! Pretenders will not be found in the gathering of the saints! The destiny of pretenders is the Lake of Fire!
This supposed trap set by Sadducees, was turned around to show them the error under which they lived! And yet there are many pretenders who attend various Churches and also believe that what you have in this life is all you get! They are as spiritually ignorant as those who were part of the Sadducees!
39 Then certain of the scribes answering said, Master, thou hast well said.
40 And after that they durst not ask him any question at all.
41 And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son?
42 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
43 Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
44 David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?
45 Then in the audience of all the people he said unto his disciples,
46 Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts;
47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.
Then certain of the Pharisaic scribes jumped onto the conversation, “Master, You have spoken the truth!”
After that those who sought to discredit Jesus did not dare ask anymore questions!
Jesus continued teaching by asking, “How can it be that Christ is David's son?”
Then, He expounded on His theme, “According to one of David’s Psalms, ‘The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, until I make Your enemies Your footstool!’
“Therefore David referred to the Messiah as Lord! So, how can He be is David’s son?”
Then, in full view of all there, Jesus told His disciples, “Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts!
“They devour widows' houses, and say long prayers as a show! They shall receive great condemnation (Gr. krima-κρίμα)!”
Many do not live as if there is no judgment in the ages to come! The fact is that Jesus is now and always has been Lord!